Sunday, March 12, 2017

A.G. Schneiderman Updates Legal Guidance For “Sanctuary” Jurisdictions, Making Clear: President Trump’s Deportation PoliciesTo Protect Immigrant Communities

At Least 9 NY Localities Are Using A.G. Schneiderman’s Guidance To Protect The Rights Of All New Yorkers, Regardless Of New Federal Immigration Enforcement Practices
   In response to President Trump’s recent executive orders and Department of Homeland Security memoranda, Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman updated his legal guidance to support local governments and law enforcement agencies in protecting vulnerable immigrant communities. Attorney General Schneiderman’s supplemental legal memo issued today makes clear: no part of President Trump’s policies changes local governments’ right to protect their immigrant communities by codifying “sanctuary” policies into local laws.
Anticipating major changes to federal immigration enforcement, on January 19th Attorney General Schneiderman released legal guidance to provide localities and local law enforcement with model laws and policies to become sanctuary jurisdictions. Since the guidance was issued, at least 9 localities across New York State have used it to protect their immigrant communities, regardless of new federal enforcement practices. Those localities include Rochester, Syracuse, Ithaca, Albany, Kingston, Newburgh, Hudson, White Plains, and Irvington. 
“Our legal guidance is clear: President Trump does not have the authority to unilaterally transform state and local police into federal immigration agents,” said Attorney General Schneiderman. “We know that effective policing – and safe neighborhoods – depend on building and maintaining trust with the communities our officers bravely serve. Yet President Trump’s draconian immigration policies seek to undercut that trust, threatening to drive immigrant communities underground and make them fearful to report crimes, serve as witnesses, and more. The fact that local governments across New York State are utilizing our guidance sends a strong message that we will do what it takes to protect our immigrant communities.”
Following President Trump’s executive orders and DHS memos, a number of local governments and law enforcement agencies contacted the Attorney General’s office to confirm that the January 19th legal guidance still applied.
“After closely reviewing the Executive Orders and DHS Memoranda, the NYAG has concluded that none of the provisions contained therein alter or invalidate the analysis and model provisions set forth in the Guidance. Localities still retain substantial discretion to limit their involvement in federal immigration enforcement. The NYAG issues this Supplemental Memorandum to assure localities that they may continue to consult the Guidance to keep our communities—including our immigrant neighbors—safe and secure,” the Attorney General’s supplemental legal memo states.
The model provisions offered by the Attorney General’s Civil Rights Bureau make clear that local New York  law enforcement agencies can limit their participation in federal immigration enforcement activities in several ways, including by: (1) refusing to enforce non-judicial civil immigration warrants issued by Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) or Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”), (2) protecting New Yorkers’ Fourth Amendment rights by denying federal requests to hold uncharged individuals in custody more than 48 hours, (3) limiting access of ICE and CBP agents to individuals currently in custody, and (4) limiting information gathering and reporting that will be used exclusively for federal immigration enforcement.
Attorney General Schneiderman’s model procedures were issued to assist local governments and law enforcement agencies in fulfilling our joint responsibilities to protect vulnerable communities and promote public safety. The guidance also intends to insulate local authorities from potential legal liability arising out of Fourth Amendment (unlawful detention) claims and ensure that local governments are not forced to spend limited local resources on increased federal immigration enforcement efforts that do not improve public safety.
The updated legal guidance follows a number of other steps taken by Attorney General Schneiderman to protect New York’s immigrant communities in recent months, including the following.

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