Saturday, November 14, 2015

100 PERCENT Saturday November 14, 2015


By Robert Press

Follow The Money 

       In the latest corruption trial against a New York State elected official it is Follow the Money. Did former New York State Assembly Speaker Sheldon Silver receive what is being called 'Kick Backs' for client referrals. It seems that is what U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara is trying to prove to a jury. The U.S. Attorney started out by trying to prove Silver steered money for cancer research, by collecting fees for referrals to a private law firm.   The U.S. Attorney then went after a real estate company that was doing business with the state also saying that Silver received referral fees. However the crushing blow to Silver may come early next week as the U.S. Attorney is expected to call Mike Whyland who served as Silver's spokesperson when Silver was the Assembly Speaker. By the way Mike Whyland now is working for the current Assembly Speaker Carl Heastie. 
   Bronx Councilman Andy King has been fined $17,000.00 and ordered to repay $26,971.00 in matching funds by the NYC Campaign Finance Board. The CFB said that in 2013 the King campaign payed his wife $7,000.00 without filing the proper paperwork to justify the expense which was filed almost one year after the election. King also charged his campaign $3,568.70 for a Verizon phone line at his house, while he also had billed the campaign for a separate office phone line. 
   As we mentioned in two previous postings, why is it so important that the mayor's Mandatory Inclusionary Housing, and Zoning for Quality and Affordability City Planning Commission Text Amendments be rushed through and jammed down the throats of the people of New York City? Follow the Money, and you will find that some of New York City's largest players have joined together to help the MIH and ZQA along. So what's in it for them you may ask? If the two zoning text amendments are passed there may be no control of what your neighborhood may look like in a few years. One chapter in the book 'Follow the Money'  is that owners of senior housing that was built under the HUD 202 Program which mandated a certain amount of parking requirement would be able to build on said parking lots if the MIH and ZQA text amendments get adopted. What that means is that the Hebrew Home of Riverdale would be allowed to build a major senior residence in an R1-1 zoned area which is zoned for only one family homes. Mind you this senior housing would be out of the price range of the majority of New York City residences costing as much or more than some of the luxury housing in Riverdale. The next step would be since the Hebrew Home could build in an R1-1 zone, so would the Schervier Home in Community Board 8 which is also in an R1-1 zone. By the way in anticipation of MIH and ZQA text amendments passing the Schervier Home has purchased a one family home on the adjoining lot next to its parking lot that they would then build a large scale facility, just like the Hebrew Home. 
    Now you know why the MIH and ZQA zoning text amendment changes are so important to certain people. There are 39 such HUD 202 senior homes citywide where this would happen providing 2,000 new senior units. That is the key word 'Senior' not affordable as CASA said at the Bronx Borough meeting on the MIH and ZQA proposals. It is not housing that is affordable to all, but a wolf in sheep's clothing, and I say that wolf is named Bill deBlasio.
     In the upcoming events Department - Tuesday November 17th Community Board 6 is going to revisit their quick approval of the MIH and ZQA text amendments by the City Planning Commission. It seems that after the Bronx Borough meeting on MIH and ZQA some of their unanswered questions to CPC were answered by others, and they are going to hold another meeting to discuss the two issues, and then vote to either reaffirm or like 10 0f the 12 Bronx Community Boards vote to disapprove the MIH and ZQA text amendments. That could leave Bronx Community Board 9 as the only Bronx CB voting in favor of MIH and ZQA, and I would believe that Community Board 9 may be doing the same thing as CB 6 is doing.
   Thursday November 19th is Bronx Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr,'s Puerto Rican Heritage Month Celebration at Salsa con Fuego from 12 - 3 PM. Salsa con Fuego is located at 2297 Cedar Avenue (right next to the Northbound entrance to the Major DEEgan Highway at Fordham Road). 
     Tuesday December 8th at 12:30 in the Bronx County Building Veterans Memorial Hall located at 851 Grand Concourse will be Bronx Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr.'s Annual Chanukah Celebration and Menorah Lighting Ceremony. 
      If you have any political information that you want to share or have checked out, any comments about this column, or would like to have an event listed or covered in this column or on this blog you can e-mail us at or call 718-644-4199 Mr. Robert Press. This column will be back in print in less than a month. 

NPRDP Launches 2016 Scholarship Program

National Puerto Rican Day Parade, Inc.

Applications available now!  Deadline is Jan. 15, 2016
Organization will triple the dollar figure
and number of scholarships to be awarded, since 2014
 The National Puerto Rican Day Parade (NPRDP) today launched its 2016 Scholarship Awards Program.   Applications are now available and will be accepted until Friday, January 15, 2016.
The organization will grant 60 scholarship awards, up from 15 awarded in 2014 and 30 in 2015.  In total, NPRDP will provide $120,000 for scholarships in 2016, up from $30,000 in 2014 and $60,000 this year. 
"We are well on the way to reach our goal of providing 100 scholarships, by the year 2017", said Lorraine Cortés-Vázquez, Chairperson of NPRDP.  "When we took leadership of this organization two years ago, our mission was to return it to its roots of empowering the Puerto Rican community through education, culture and civic engagement.  Our Scholarship Program remains at the core of our work, and the Board looks forward to continue working to enhance it".
NPRDP established the Scholarship Awards Program to help promote the pursuit of higher education within the community.  
To be eligible to participate in the 2016 Scholarship Awards Program, applicants must:

*  Be of Puerto Rican descent;
*  Have a minimum grade point average (GPA) of 3.0 or better
*  Participate in an interview with a member(s) of the Selection Committee;
*  Be between the ages of 17 and 25 and enrolled in a 4-year institution, for applicants already in college;
*  Be in their senior year, for high school applicants. 
Application packages must include: a completed application form; an essay; a written biography; a volunteer community service statement; two letters of recommendation, of which one letter of recommendation must be from the site where the student performs his/her volunteer work; official academic transcripts and head shot photo.  Letters of recommendation should be requested from teachers, professors, counselors, mentors, clergy, community leaders, etc.  The letters should highlight the applicant's volunteer community service, length of the relationship with the candidate, and the specific contributions the applicant has made to the community.
To download the application package, the public can  

Packages must be submitted electronically by Friday, January 15, 2016.  Letters of recommendation and sealed transcripts should be mailed together to National Puerto Rican Day Parade, P.O Box 975, New York, NY 10272 by Friday, January 22, 2015.  Materials received after this date will result in the applicant's disqualification.  Applicants selected for an interview will be notified by email, and interviews will take place the weeks of February 22 and February 29, 2016.


Countdown to Fitness program encourages Soundview residents to lead healthy, active lifestyle

Comprehensive 10-week program includes physical fitness classes, nutrition demonstrations and health assessments

State Senator Jeff Klein announced $50,000 in state funding for the Countdown to Fitness program at a luncheon event today at the Shorehaven Community Center
Over the course of the 10-week program, nearly 70 women from the south Bronx have participated in Zumba, kickboxing and dance classes; learned how to make healthy and delicious recipes like baked apples, sauteed cauliflower and cucumber blueberry salad; and learned more about immunizations, heart disease, cancer screenings and stress management. At the luncheon, Senator Klein will present Countdown to Fitness participants with certificates for completing the Fall program. Another session will be held in Spring.

Above - Senator Jeff Klein has lunch with the members of the Countdown to Fitness Program before each participant was given their certificate for completing the 10 week program that Senator Klein funded.
Below - Senator Klein tells of the importance of fitness programs such as the Countdown to Fitness program he funded.

Above - Senator Klein stands with Paloma Izquierdo-Hernandez (President/CEO of Urban Health Plan Inc.), and a few Countdown to Fitness participants.
Below - Senator Klein is with all of the ladies who were given certificates as they completed the 10 week Countdown to Fitness program.

Afterwards the ladies got back into the groove of the Countdown to Fitness program by dancing a bit.

Bronx Borough President's Annual Puerto Rican Heritage Celebration Thursday Nov. 19th


Bronx Borough President
Ruben Diaz Jr.
Puerto Rican Heritage Month
Celebrating the CULTURE, the LAND, and the PEOPLE.

Thursday, November 19, 2015
             12:00 - 3:00 PM
2297 Cedar Avenue
(Between West Fordham Road & Landing Road by the Major Deegan Expy.)
Angie Martinez                       
Radio Personality, Power 105                          

 HonJustice Sallie Manzanet-Daniel
Justice, Appellate Division

Robert Sancho 
Head of Government &Community  Affairs for Bronx Lebanon  

 Geraldo Rivera
Media Personality

Enjoy an afternoon of music, dancing and delicious Puerto Rican cuisine .

For information & to RSVP call 718-590-3522  or email  
Join us as we honor community leaders and their accomplishments.                            

Bronx Borough President's Chanukah Celebration Tuesday December 8th

Friday, November 13, 2015

'EXCLUSIVE' -- What You Don't Know About the ZQA Text Amendment Proposal

   One of the battles in Bronx Community Board 8 against the proposed 'Zoning For Quality and Affordability" City Planning Commission proposal is that the Hebrew Home would be given a Zoning Text Amendment ot allow for construction of the Hebrew Home high rise senior buildings in an area zoned for only one family homes. The second battle against ZQA is the option of no parking requirement having to be provided in any new senior housing developments. However what is not being provided by the City Planning Commission is that there is a plan to build on 39 current senior building parking lots citywide by the LiveOn NY Affordable Senior Housing Coalition which includes as its members John Kaiteris, Executive Director/CEO, HANAC, Inc., Laura Jervis*, Executive Director, West Side Federation for Senior & Supportive Housing, Susan Albrecht -Association of New York Catholic Homes,  Monsignor Kevin Sullivan -Catholic Charities Archdiocese, Catholic Charities Brooklyn & Queens, Chinese American Planning Council, Inc., Community Agency for Senior Citizens, Sr. Elizabeth Hasslet & Sr. Lillian McNamara - Encore Community Services, Goddard Riverside Senior Services, Claire Hilger, Jeanette Puryear, & Jim Crocker - Mid-Bronx Senior Citizens Council, New York Foundation for Senior Citizens, Presbyterian Senior Services, Nikki Odlivak - (CASC), Queens Community House, Regional Aid for Interim Needs, Inc., James Lenox House & Carnegie East House, Sabrina Lora, John Napolitano HANAC, Inc., Joseph Girven Association,  Donald Manning, Kay Boonshoft - Jewish Home Lifecare, Gary Gutterman - Ridgewood Bushwick Senior Citizens,  Kevin Queen,  Rimas Jasin,  David Gillcrist -  Project Find,  Ben Thomases, Dr. Anderson Torres -(R.A.I.N.), Emily Kurtz - Council Pia Scarfo,  SEBCO Senior Services,  Stuart Kaplan & Evelyn Wolff - Selfhelp Community Services, Sunnyside Community Services,  David V. Pomeranz & Michael Bialek - The Hebrew Home at Riverdale,  YM-YWHA of Washington Heights/Inwood, Judy Zangwill - Jewish Association Serving the Aging (JASA), and Marty Englisher - Metropolitan Council on Jewish Poverty.

   The goal of LiveOn NY is to build on 39 current parking lots of existing senior homes of which 13 sites are in the Bronx. The addresses include 1291 Lafayette Avenue, 980 Aldus Street, 669 White Plains Road, 1072 Havemeyer Avenue, 985 East Tremont Avenue, 887 Southern Blvd., 230 East 179th Street, 787 East 138th Street, 2000 Washington Avenue, 780 East 186th Street, 2275 Olinville Avenue, and 2973 Independence Avenue. The 2973 Independence Avenue is a parking lot for the Schervier nursing home and senior residence a major complex in Bronx Community Board 8, which is also in an R1-1 zone which like the Hebrew Home in CB 8 would require a zoning text change. This could be why it is important to CPC to have the Hebrew Home zoning text amendment under the ZQA proposal approved so that the same zoning would apply at the Independence Avenue site. 

   One interesting note about the 39 sites selected by LiveOn NY is that they are all in the HUD 202 program for large residential buildings usually found in R6 zones which required parking lots as per the current ZR 25-25 zoning which prohibits building on these parking lots which LiveOn NY and CPC want to change. This is all outlined in a 66 page report Paving the Way For New Senior Housing - A Site Selection Survey of HUD Parking Lots in New York City dated May 2015 which was available on the LiveOn NY website, which I will bet has already been taken down.

Bronx Borough Hearing on City Planning Commission Proposed Zoning Changes

   While several Bronx Community Boards have held their own public hearings on the proposed City Planning Commission "Mandatory Inclusionary Housing" and "Zoning For Quality and Affordability" proposals, last night was the Bronx borowide hearing by Bronx Borough President Ruben Diaz Jr. In a statement released before the meeting BP Diaz said the following.   

 “Tonight, my office will host its hearing on Mayor de Blasio’s proposed zoning changes, known respectively as‘Zoning for Quality & Affordability’ and ‘Mandatory Inclusionary Housing.’ My office is not required to host this hearing, but we concluded it was necessary to allow for greater public participation on this topic due to the accelerated timeline the mayor has imposed.

“There is much controversy surrounding this issue, in all corners of our borough. In mid-October, I convened a meeting of our 12 community boards to both discuss our shared concerns about Mayor de Blasio’s plans and to scrutinize these proposals to ensure that their concerns were met before taking a vote. So far, nine of our community boards have indicated their dissatisfaction with Mayor de Blasio’s zoning plan, and I applaud their willingness to stand up for their neighborhoods and voice their objections loud and clear.

“For months, my office has fielded questions from neighborhoods across The Bronx about Mayor de Blasio’s proposed zoning plans, and this evening I expect even more concerns to be raised. As I prepare for next week’s meeting of the Bronx Borough Board, and for my own recommendations following that, I look forward to hearing from the diverse community of my borough about their thoughts on this process, and will use those statements to inform my own position on this contentious issue,” 

  The Standing room only meeting went on with almost every resident of the Bronx who gave testimony soundly rejecting the two CPC proposals. There were those however who did testify in favor of the two CPC proposals, and I have chosen one such proponent in the photos below since he was thanked by one CPC person for giving his testimony in favor of the CPC proposals. This person who spoke in favor of the CPC proposals was Mr. Paul R. Freitag who is the Executive Director of the West Side Federation For Senior and Supportive Housing Inc. 

  WSFSSH has renovated or built 24 buildings comprising 1,700 units of housing in Manhattan and the Bronx for over 1,800 senior citizens.WSFSSH is also a partner in the Equity Project Charter School in Washington Heights. WSFSSH is also involved in a proposed 176 unit affordable senior housing building in the Mott Haven Section of the Bronx. So it is in the best interest of WSFSSH to be in favor of the two CPC proposals to increase the units of new or renovated senior and affordable housing units in New York City. WSFSSH has made some major connections since their inception 1976, and that could be why they were asked to give testimony. 

Above - While the room was filled where the presentation by the City Planning Commission was being given on MIH and ZQA outside it was a different story.
Below - The public was made to enter in one entrance and have to wait to go through metal detectors in order to be able to attend the CPC presentation and public hearing.

Above - The CPC MIH and ZQA presentations were given by the City Planning representative.
Below - The panel to hear the testimony is set to begin hearing from the public on the two CPPC proposals..

Above - This picture is centered on  Mr. Paul R. Freitag who gave testimony in favor of the CPC proposals. Mr. Freitag is also the Executive Director of the West Side Federation For Senior and Supportive Housing Inc.
Below - A photo of the person from CPC who thanked Mr. Freitag for his testimony in favor of the two CPC proposals. You will note that Mr. Freitag who was seated two rows behind the person from CPC has left his seat after I confronted him with the fact that the person from CPC had thanked him for his testimony in favor of the two CPC proposals. 

Councilman Andy King Fined $17,000 By CFB Board

  The New York Post reports that Bronx City Councilman Andy King was fined $17,000.00 by the city Campaign Finance Board for putting his wife on his campaign payroll, and paying a home phone bill with campaign funds. 
   The Post story reports that the CFB said that King's wife was paid $7,00.00 by King's campaign, and he did not file the necessary paperwork to account for the campaign expense. Councilman King was also ordered to return almost $27,000.00 to the CFB in matching funds he had received. Councilman King also charged his campaign $3,568,70 for his home phone line, while also putting in for a campaign phone line according to the Post. The entire Post story can be found HERE.

Mayor Bill de Blasio Should Go Back and Spend another Night in a NYCHA Building

By Senator Rev. Rubén Díaz 
District 32 Bronx County, New York 

  You should know that on July 20, 2013, when then New York City Mayoral Candidate Bill de Blasio was campaigning, he took his friend, Reverend Al Sharpton to spend the night and sleep in a New York City Housing Authority Building.
After spending the night and drawing publicity about the problems facing New Yorkers who live in the projects, when daylight came, Bill de Blasio stated:  “It’s as if tenant’s lives don’t matter.”
Candidate Bill de Blasio pledged that if elected Mayor, he would address the problems facing New York City Housing Authority residents.  He stated: "Staying overnight here, is a powerful reminder that behind the thousands of backlogged repairs that NYCHA never seems to get to, are families living in unacceptable conditions that bring shame to this city."
But as I always say: Surprise, surprise!
After being Mayor for the past 2 years, it’s as if New York City Housing Authority tenant’s lives still don’t matter.  The problems facing the families and residents of the New York City Housing Authority and the problems facing homeless New York City residents are worse than ever.
I wish we could hear Reverend Al Sharpton using his Saturday bully pulpit at the National Action Network, or his Sunday Morning program on MSNBC to push or even ask Bill de Blasio to go back to sleep another night in one of the New York City Housing Authority’s buildings … maybe in one of the following:
(1) Castle Hill Houses in the Bronx where this year, crime and murder continue to make the news; or
(2) East River Houses, where Tyrone Howard, the man suspected of shooting New York City Police Officer, Randolph Holder, lived and sold drugs; or
(3) Coney Island public housing complex where NYCHA worker Toni Jackson was killed earlier this year when she fell to her death on a jerry-rigged trash hoist; or  
(4) Lincoln Houses where the lack of security resulted in the murder of Olivia Brown. The lawsuit filed by her mother was shamefully dismissed by New York City's lawyers who stated:“All the risks, hazards and dangers were open, obvious and apparent to [Brown] and said risks, hazards and dangers were openly and voluntarily assumed by [Brown]."
It is well known that the Black and Hispanic community, especially the African American community, voted massively for Bill de Blasio for Mayor based upon Reverend Al Sharpton’s support.  Based on this support, Reverend Al Sharpton has been referred to by some of New York’s media as New York City’s Co-Mayor.
Because Reverend Al Sharpton has a voice and a special influence in the African American community, and because he was instrumental in getting Candidate Bill de Blasio to participate in a political stunt of spending the night in the projects, it’s about time, now, for Reverend Al Sharpton to once again, invite his friend to coordinate another political sleepover in one of the New York City Housing Authority’s buildings.  
This way, Mayor de Blasio could remember his own words and realize that life for the New York City Housing Authority residents does matter.
I am Senator Reverend Rubén Díaz and this is what you should know.  

Wednesday, November 11, 2015

A.G. Schneiderman Issues Cease-And-Desist Letters to FanDuel And DraftKings, Demanding That Companies Stop Accepting Illegal Wagers in New York Stat

Wide Ranging Investigation by AG Finds That Both Companies Are Violating New York State Law Against Illegal Gambling
Schneiderman: Daily Fantasy Sports is Neither Victimless or Harmless
     Attorney General Eric T. Schneiderman issued cease-and-desist letters to daily fantasy sports (“DFS”) wagering sites DraftKings and FanDuel on Tuesday, ordering both companies to immediately stop accepting wagers inside New York. The AG’s action follows an investigation by his office that found DraftKings and FanDuel to be in violation of New York State law against illegal gambling. Traditional, season-long fantasy sports are not implicated by the AG’s action.
“Our investigation has found that, unlike traditional fantasy sports, daily fantasy sports companies are engaged in illegal gambling under New York law, causing the same kinds of social and economic harms as other forms of illegal gambling, and misleading New York consumers,” said Attorney General Schneiderman. “Daily fantasy sports is neither victimless nor harmless, and it is clear that DraftKings and FanDuel are the leaders of a massive, multi-billion-dollar scheme intended to evade the law and fleece sports fans across the country.  Today we have sent a clear message: not in New York, and not on my watch.” 
In addition, the investigation found that both companies consistently use deceptive advertising to lure consumers into an unregulated online gambling operation that, while marketed as a game that anyone can win, in fact distributes the vast majority of winnings to a small subset of experienced, highly sophisticated players. These winners constitute roughly 1% of all players on the two sites. The AG’s investigation also revealed that both companies deliberately target demographics susceptible to problem gambling.
A copy of the letter sent to DraftKings can be found here A copy of the letter sent to FanDuel can be found here.
This case is being handled by Assistant Attorney General Justin Wagner, Assistant Attorney General Jordan Salberg, Assistant Attorney General Aaron Chase, Senior Enforcement Counsel and Special Advisor to the Attorney General Tim Wu, Internet Bureau Chief Kathleen McGee, Senior Advisor and Special Counsel Simon Brandler, and Executive Deputy Attorney General for Economic Justice Karla Sanchez.

Join State Senator Adriano Espaillat For A Cup Of Coffee Saturday

Banner 2 

Dear Neighbor,

The next stop on my Coffee On Your Corner Tour will beAlbert's Mofongo House at 4762 Broadway. Join me for a cup of coffee Saturday and share your thoughts about how we can improve our community.

Place: Albert's Mofongo House
Time: 10am-12am
Date: Saturday, November 14th 

Adriano Espaillat 

You're Invited to A Farewell "Walk-out" Ceremony for Retiring Police Officer Owen Ortiz this Thursday, November 12th!

On Behalf of The 49th Precinct  
49th Pct. Commanding Officer, Captain Keith Walton
Invites You To a Farewell "Walk-Out" Ceremony
Honoring Police Officer Owen Ortiz
On Thursday, November 12, 2015 at 1pm, the 49th Precinct will be honoring one of its officers with a "walk-out" ceremony.   

Police Officer Owen Ortiz is a stage-four cancer survivor which he contracted as a result of tireless and selfless rescue efforts surrounding the tragic events of September 11, 2001. 

We cordially invite you to join the officers of the 49th Precinct along with other friends and family for this momentous occasion, congratulating and bidding farewell to Officer Ortiz on his retirement.

If you have any questions or need more information, please feel free to contact Officer Sturdivant or Officer Lepore at the 49th Precinct Community Affairs office (718-918-2032).
Police Officer J. Sturdivant
49th Precinct

Gethsemane Missionary Baptist Church TOWN HALL MEETING

Gethsemane Missionary Baptist Church
771 Fairmount Place
BronxN.Y. 10460
Reverend Dr. Torrence Robinson, Pastor
 (Bet: Prospect Ave & E. 176th Street /off E. Tremont Ave)

Theme: “Showing Results, Advocating for Communities’ Needs”       
Hosted by: Social Action Ministry
Confirmed Guest Speakers
Bronx Borough President Ruben Diaz, Jr.
NYC Council Member Vanessa L. Gibson
NYC Council Member Ritchie Torres
Bronx Community Board #6 District Manager Ms. Ivine Galarza
(Others TBA – to be announced)

Sponsor: Gethsemane Missionary Baptist Church
Date: Thursday, November 12, 2015
Time: 7:00 P.M. – 9:00 P.M.
Location: Gethsemane Missionary Baptist Church
771 Fairmount Place
 (Bet: Prospect Ave & E. 176th Street /off E. Tremont Ave)
TRANSPORTATION: Bus #40 or #42 to E. Tremont Ave at Prospect Ave
Rev. Dr. Marilyn Oliver, Chairperson 
       (347) 948-0772                                                                               
Sis. Rose M. Henry, Co-Chairperson  
Social Action Ministry
"The Spirit of the LORD is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me To preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty To the captives And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD."  (Luke 4:18-19 NKJV)

Tuesday, November 10, 2015

In Loving Memory of Marilyn Klein

In Loving Memory of Marilyn Klein
It is with deep sorrow that we bid farewell to Marilyn Klein, former female District Leader for the 80th Assembly District and mother to State Senator and IDC Co-Leader Jeff Klein. She was a remarkable woman that will truly be missed by many.

Relatives and friends are welcome to sit Shiva on Wednesday, November 11 from 2:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m. at Maestro's Caterers, 1703 Bronxdale Avenue, Bronx, NY 10462.

In lieu of flowers, contributions can be made in Marilyn Klein's name to the Alzheimer's Foundation of America: 322 Eighth Avenue, 7th Fl., New York, NY 10001 or (866) 232-8484.

Cards and letters of condolence may be sent to: Senator Jeff Klein, 1250 Waters Place, Suite 1202, Bronx, NY 10461.